In answer to your comment about not knowing what will be considered futuristic in the future… I call as witness Ivan Chermayeff, whose design philosophy, I believe, has the answer. I think you can see it in play in the film examples given. The rule is simple, if design solutions come out of a correct understanding of the problem, rather than leaning on fad or fashion, then they will endure. The aspects of the Alien typography, and other examples, that follow this rule, remain ‘un-dated’ even now. The aspects that relied on the fashion of the 1970s, now look dated.
Nice article Eric. This topic is one I used to harp on when we were doing Living History programs for the NPS. Horses were critical to everything.
Artillery didn’t use draft horses if they could avoid it; they were too slow, ate too much and required more medical attention. Standard breds were the norm, usually requiring about 1,000 lbs. for the wheel pair, 800 for the swing and lead teams.
Joe Whitehorne pointed out in an article he wrote that for every three wagons and teams hauling supplies a fourth wagon and team was required to haul forage for all four teams. Wow!