It is estimated that over 700,000 people are trafficked each year although it is not known exactly how many are women. Most of these women are trafficked for sexual exploitation. The most disturbing is that in parts of the Middle East, “honor killings” are still practiced. These killings can be brought on by women engaging in homosexual acts or sexual acts outside of marriage, wanting to end or prevent and arranged marriage or even dressing too provocatively. In Turkey, there is no protection for women being abused, there are no shelters or help for women in these dangerous circumstances.
The main point of reference for the international community regarding the rights of minorities is the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic Religious and Linguistic Minorities , adopted by the General Assembly in 1992. It includes a list of rights to which persons belonging to minorities are entitled, including the right to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practice their own religion and to use their own language. The Declaration reaffirms the rights of persons belonging to minorities to enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the principles of non-discrimination and equality before the law. Other key principles include the protection of existence, promotion and protection of identity, and the right to effective participation.