In 618 . a new dynasty arose in China. This dynasty came to be known as the Tang Dynasty. Many people consider this dynasty to be one of the greatest dynasties in China’s history. Many new ideas and inventions spread across China during the almost 300 years that the Tang ruled. Buddhism, although it had already spread to many parts of China, rose to its greatest heights and power during the Tang Dynasty. Many Chinese people found hope in Buddhist teachings particularly during times of political and social unrest, and during times of economic and physical suffering.